During summer, because of the heat, bacteria and toxins multiply. We must be careful what we eat, where we eat and food validity terms that we plan to buy.
What is food poisoning?
Food poisoning is a condition caused by the consumption of food or drink contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses or parasites.
What causes food poisoning?
The germs responsible for many problems are salmonella, E-coli, clostridium botulinum – a bacterium that leads to botulism, a rare condition but extremely dangerous.
What are the symptoms?
Food poisoning is manifested by diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and fever. The first symptoms appear within hours after eating contaminated food. Diarrhea and vomiting are actually the body’s defense mechanisms.
What treatment we can use to quickly recover after food poisoning?
If food poisoning cases it is good to be adequately hydrated because we lose many minerals through vomiting and diarrhea. Also, bed rest is indicated. Avoid drinking carbonated drinks, fruit juice, fatty or spicy foods. Medical consultation is mandatory if the vomiting lasts more than a day or if the diarrhea persists for more than 2-3 days (adults) and less than a day in young children.
What diet is recommended?
During this time it is good to have a strict diet consisting of bread, rice, white flour based crackers or pretzels, cooked chicken meat, yogurt, bananas, and less fruits and vegetables or other foods that could aggravate food poisoning. At least three days after symptoms it is better not to drink milk, alcohol, coffee, sweets or spicy foods.
To prevent food poisoning is best to be extremely careful in the foods we eat, but also to follow hygiene rules, preparation, preservation, storage and food distribution.